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STBBI testing

Are you at risk for contracting a STBBI or have symptoms resembling those of a STBBI? During your consultation, we will take samples to detect infection, according to your sexual habits and your profile.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Many people do not know they are infected, as they have few if any symptoms. However, even without symptoms, the bacteria can be passed on during unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person.

Chlamydia is detected through urine samples and swabs of the throat, cervix, and anus.

Chlamydia can cause the following symptoms in women:

  • Burning with urination;
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge;
  • Bleeding between periods, during or after sex;
  • Increased pain during sex or menstruation;
  • Pain in the lower abdomen or lower back.

Men may present with the following symptoms:

  • Itching in or around the penis;
  • Pain or burning with urination;
  • Discharge from the penis;
  • Pain or swelling in the testes.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria called Neisseria Gonorrhea (or gonococcus). Commonly referred to as “the clap”, this infection causes a burning sensation during urination. Gonorrhea is transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person.

Gonorrhea can cause the following symptoms in women:

  • A burning sensation with urination;
  • Vaginal pain or abnormal vaginal bleeding;
  • Yellowish vaginal discharge.

Men may present with the following symptoms:

  • Discharge from the penis;
  • A burning sensation with urination;
  • Pain or swelling in the testes.

Gonorrhea is detected through urine samples and swabs of the throat, cervix, and anus.

Viral hepatitis

Viral hepatitis is caused by a virus that leads to liver inflammation. Hepatitis infections are detected through a blood test.

Hepatitis A

Most people infected with hepatitis A have symptoms resembling the flu (fatigue, fever, headaches), though some experience stomach aches, diarrhea, and jaundice (a yellow tint to the skin or eyes). The infection runs its course and fully heals, and a life-long immunity develops, meaning that the immune system develops hepatitis A specific anti-bodies to protect against reinfection.

Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV or Hep C)

Many people infected with the hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus never feel sick and fully recover. In other cases, symptoms resemble those of hepatitis A. A chronic infection may develop which may eventually lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer. In these patients, the virus never leaves the system and they remain carriers of the infection. This means that there is always a small amount of the virus present in their blood and other bodily fluids. Carriers can transmit the infection even when asymptomatic.

HIV

AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is caused by a virus that attacks the immune system, the organism’s natural defence mechanism. Scientists have named this virus HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). In the weeks after a person is infected with the virus, they experience symptoms resembling the flu or mononucleosis (fever, headaches, sore throat, skin rashes, fatigue, muscle aches, etc.). This phase is called the primary infection, or first phase. The symptoms clear up on their own without treatment and the infection moves into its second phase.

HIV is detected through a blood test.

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a microbe called Treponema pallidum. This infection had all but disappeared for years, but lately there has been an increase in cases, especially among gay and bisexual men. Syphilis is detected through a blood test.

Syphilis has three stages and a latent period. The primary, secondary and latent stages are considered infectious. Each stage presents different symptoms.

Primary stage

Initial symptoms appear 3 to 90 days after infection, most commonly after 3 weeks. The infection initially appears as a red pimple. Then bacteria multiply and create one or more painless ulcers (chancres) at the infection site, usually around the genitals or anus, or in the throat. This is called the “syphilis sore”. The ulcer eventually clears up on its own in 1 of 2 months. This does not mean that the infection has cleared, unless it has been treated.

Secondary stage

If left untreated, syphilis evolves. 2 to 10 weeks after the ulcers appear, the following symptoms occur:

  • Fever, fatigue, headaches, muscle aches;
  • Hair loss (alopecia);
  • A red rash on the mucosa and skin, including palms of the hand and soles of the feet;
  • Swollen lymph nodes;
  • Inflammation of the uvea (uveitis), the vascular part of the eye, or of the retina (retinitis).

These symptoms may clear up on their own, but that does not mean that the infection has healed. They may also manifest and reappear intermittently over months or even years.

Latent stage

After approximately two years, syphilis enters a latent stage, with no symptoms. However, the infection may continue to develop. This period can last from 1 to 30 years.

Tertiary stage

If left untreated, 15 to 30% of infected people will suffer from severe symptoms that may even lead to death. It is essential to seek treatment as soon as a diagnosis is made.

Type-1 and type-2 herpes lesions

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) characterized by the appearance of small, painful blisters on the genitals. The blisters are transparent and filled with fluid. Symptoms come and go: blisters are present for 5 to 10 days then disappear, often for months at a time.

Genital herpes is a chronic infection: the virus cannot be treated. However, there are treatments to ease discomfort and reduce the number of outbreaks. Herpes is detected through a blood test.

Lesion swab for herpes

If you have lesions, we can collect a sample for analysis.

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